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Footnotes, also called citations or references, are superscript numbers or letters used to annotate content, usually to cite sources or present tangential information.

The site guideline mandates that sources be used to substantiate and cross-verify content. This page documents how to use the cite extension to do so.

MarkupEdit

Footnotes are created by placing text between <ref>...</ref> tags and adding a <references/> tag to the bottom of the article (further reading: cite.php).

However, the Jak and Daxter Wiki uses templates based upon these tags to standardize their usage. Instead, use {{ref}} with {{reflist}} for citations to sources, and {{note}} with {{notelist}} for annotations. See the respective links for their documentation.

For example, instead of this:

Markup Renders as
[[Jak]] is 19 years old as of ''[[Jak X: Combat Racing]]''.<ref name="character statistics">''[[Jak X: Combat Racing]]'', [[character statistics]]</ref>

==References==
<references/> 

It is suggested to use this:

Markup Renders as
[[Jak]] is 19 years old as of ''[[Jak X: Combat Racing]]''.{{ref|JAKX|[[character statistics]]}}

==References==
{{reflist}} 

For annotations, instead of this:

Markup Renders as
Both [[metal heads]] and [[metal bugs]] have [[skull gem]]s.<ref group="note">The term "metal heads" will hereafter be used to include to metal bugs.</ref>

==Notes==
<references group="note"/> 

Both metal heads and metal bugs have skull gems.[note 1]

Notes
  1. The term "metal heads" will hereafter be used to include to metal bugs.

Use this:

Markup Renders as
Both [[metal heads]] and [[metal bugs]] have [[skull gem]]s.{{note|The term "metal heads" will hereafter be used to include to metal bugs.}}

==Notes==
{{notelist}} 

Both metal heads and metal bugs have skull gems.[a]

Notes
  1. The term "metal heads" will hereafter be used to include to metal bugs.

Identifying unsourced claimsEdit

If you encounter something that lacks a citation where it would appear to need one, use the {{citation needed}} template. It will produce [citation needed], letting readers know that the information has not been verified, and letting editors know that a source is needed or the content is in danger of removal.

Do not use this template to challenge statements you suspect to be false. Instead, bring up inquiries or objections on the talk page. This template should only be added to statements in the nature of which, according to consensus, would normally need to be accompanied by a citation.

See alsoEdit

The cite extension on FANDOM allows you to add footnotes and references to articles, like this.[1]

How to use it

Citations are enabled by default. To create a footnote or reference, simply switch to source mode while editing and then place your text inside <ref></ref> tags. In source mode, the first sentence on this page would look like this:

The cite extension allows you to add footnotes and references to articles, like this.<ref>Like this!</ref>

At the end of the page create a references, footnotes, or citations section and include the code <references />. This will create a numbered listing of your footnotes[2].

Named references

To give a footnote a unique identifier, use <ref name="identifier">footnote text</ref>.[3] You can then refer to the same footnote again by using a ref tag with the same name. The name cannot be a number, or the extension will return an error.

Only the first occurrence of text in a named ref will be used, although that occurrence may be located anywhere in the article. For legibility, putting the full footnote first is recommended.

For subsequent identical references, use a terminated empty ref tag that looks like this: <ref name="identifier" />.[3]

When deleting content with footnotes, make sure you do not delete the named citation which holds all the reference information. This will result in an error for all the other footnotes depending on it. Remember to copy the <ref name="identifier">footnote text</ref> to one of the identical references.

Grouped references

To separate different kinds of references into individual lists, use <ref group="identifier">reference text</ref>. Once you have multiple references in the same group, use <references group="identifier"/> to list only the references in that group. In this fashion, you can separate a special type of reference from the rest.

Citation needed!

Some communities use a template to flag information that need citations. Often that means adding {{fact}} or {{cite}} just after the text in question.

To create one of these templates, start a new page called Template:Fact. Switch to source mode, and paste the following code into the page:

<sup><span title="This claim needs references to reliable sources" style="white-space: nowrap;">[''citation needed'']</span></sup>

...which creates [citation needed].

Then publish the template.

More fun with citations

Eventually, you may want to create templates specifically for use in references to keep order - for example, a template for web addresses, another for book references.

Finally, you may wish to customize the references list design itself, such as giving it two columns or reducing the text size slightly. See Template:Reflist as an example.

Citation templates

If your community deals with an academic subject, you may wish to have default citation templates. The non-Lua versions of these templates can be found on w:c:psiepsilon:Template:Cite book and w:c:psiepsilon:Template:Cite journal.

References

  1. Like this!
  2. Like this!
  3. 3.0 3.1 footnote text

See also

Next steps

Further help and feedback

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